Hyderabad (pop. 1151274) is a city in the Sind province of Pakistan. It lies on the banks of the Indus River. Hyderabad is a rail and road junction and an important trade center. The railroad runs north to Peshawar and south to Karachi. The University of Sindh lies on the west bank of the Indus. There are also several government colleges and the Liaquat Medical College. Industries include cotton ginning rice and oilseed milling tanning and the manufacture of agricultural machinery and cement. The city is famous for its hand embroideries and leatherwork. Sarfaraz Khan built the city in 1782 as a fort.